eave

In by Mark Goodman

The part of a roof that extends beyond the side wall.

Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
eave (noun)
1.
the lower border of a roof that overhangs the wall - usually used in plural
2.
a projecting edge (as of a hill) - usually used in plural
eave (Wikipedia)
Typical eaves overhang, shown here with a fascia board and gutter
Italianate eaves with decorative support brackets

The eaves are the edges of the roof which overhang the face of a wall and, normally, project beyond the side of a building. The eaves form an overhang to throw water clear of the walls and may be highly decorated as part of an architectural style, such as the Chinese dougong bracket systems.

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