In by Mark Goodman

Sill plate: a horizontal member anchored to a masonry wall. Sole plate: the bottom horizontal member of a frame wall. Top plate: the top horizontal member of a frame wall that supports ceiling joists, rafters, and/or other members.

Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
plate (noun)
a) a smooth flat thin piece of material
b) (1) forged, rolled, or cast metal in sheets usually thicker than inch (6 millimeters) - 1/4
(2) a very thin layer of metal deposited on a surface of base metal by - plating
c) one of the broad metal pieces used in armor , also armor of such - plates
d) (1) a thin relatively flat anatomical part (as a lamina of bone) of an animal body , especially - scute
(2) the thin under portion of the forequarter of beef , especially the fatty back part - see beef illustration
e) - home plate
f) any of the large movable segments into which the earth's lithosphere is divided according to the theory of plate tectonics
Middle English; partly from Anglo-French plate, bullion; partly from Old Spanish silver, from Vulgar Latin metal plate, from feminine of flat
a) obsolete a silver coin
b) precious metal , especially silver bullion
Middle English, from Anglo-French dish, plate, from flat
a) domestic hollowware made of or with gold, silver, or base metals - plated
b) a shallow usually circular vessel from which food is eaten or served
c) (1) a quantity to fill a plate - plateful
(2) a main course served on a plate
(3) food and service supplied to one person - a dinner at $10 a plate
d) (1) a prize given to the winner in a contest
(2) British a horse race in which the contestants compete for a prize of fixed value rather than stakes
e) a dish or pouch passed during collections
f) a flat glass or plastic dish used chiefly for culturing microorganisms
a) a prepared surface from which printing is done
b) a sheet of material (as glass or plastic) coated with a light-sensitive photographic emulsion
c) a metallic grid with its interstices filled with active material that forms one of the structural units of a battery
d) - license plate
a horizontal structural member that provides bearing and anchorage especially for the trusses of a roof or the rafters
the part of a denture that fits to the mouth , broadly - denture
a full-page illustration often on different paper from the text pages
a schedule of matters to deal with - have a lot on my plate now
plate (verb)
transitive verb
to cover or equip with plate as
a) to provide with armor plate
b) to cover with an adherent layer mechanically, chemically, or electrically , also to deposit (as a layer) on a surface
to make a printing surface from or for
to fix or secure with a plate
to cause (as a runner) to score in baseball
to arrange (food) on a plate
plate (Wikipedia)

Plate may refer to a range of objects, which have in common being thin and flat and also food or other products can be placed on one. The tectonic plates are large plates in the Earth that may hold up water or land.

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